Making history through a history of firsts.


  • Carticel is manufactured and commercialized, becoming the first and only cell-based therapy for cartilage repair.
  • First patient is treated with Carticel in the U.S.
  • Viability assay implemented.


  • Carticel biologics license application (BLA) is filed.


  • Carticel receives approval in accordance with new FDA cell therapy guidance.
  • It is the first, FDA-approved, biologics license application for cell therapy.
  • Carticel is the only autologous cultured chondrocyte product available in the U.S.


  • First rapid automated sterility test for lot release of a biologic.


  • The Study of the Treatment of Articular Repair (STAR), the first controlled, Good Clinical Practice (GCP), prospective, longitudinal, multi-center clinical study in the US for cartilage repair, is published in the American Journal of Sports Medicine.


  • Identity assay FDA-approved and implemented as part of the final release criteria for each patient lot.